Feb 06, 2024
Ano nga ba ang Hyperthyroidism?

Ang hyperthyroidism ay isang uri ng thyroid disorder that is also known as an overactive thyroid. Ito ay isang kondisyon kung saan ang thyroid gland ay gumagawa ng thyroid hormone na higit sa kailangan ng katawan. This overproduction of hormones can result in serious health complications kung hindi agarang magagamot nang wasto.

Ang thyroid gland, though small in size, plays a big role in keeping the body healthy and functioning. The hormones it produces help regulate essential bodily functions na gaya ng metabolism, heart rate, and body temperature. For these body processes to work properly and effectively, the thyroid must release the right amount of hormones—hindi kulang at hindi rin dapat sobra.


  • The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck that produces essential hormones for normal body function & development.
  • Main hormones produced by the thyroid gland: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)
  • Thyroid hormones regulate vital body functions like metabolism and heart rate.
  • Sometimes the thyroid becomes hyperactive and produces more hormones than the body needs. This condition is called hyperthyroidism.
  • Hyperthyroidism is more prevalent in women than in men.
  • Hyperthyroidism is commonly caused by Graves’ diseasethyroiditis or toxic nodular goiter.


Pangkaraniwang sintomas ng hyperthyroidism ang hindi maipaliwanag na pagbaba ng timbang ng katawan despite normal, or even increased, food intake. Maaari din makaranas ng mabilis at malakas na pagtibok ng puso at matinding pagpapawis ang taong may overactive thyroid gland. As these signs and symptoms can be caused by a wide range of conditions, it is best to consult with a specialist for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. 

Other hyperthyroidism symptoms:

  • heat intolerance 
  • constant hunger and thirst
  • enlarged thyroid gland
  • nervousness and irritability
  • frequent bowel movements or diarrhea
  • hand tremors

Mahalagang huwag ipagwalang bahala ang mga sintomas na nararamdaman. With early detection of the condition, the patient can start to undergo treatment without delay and prevent complications from happening. 

Paano ang gamutan nito? 

There are three main hyperthyroidism treatment options available for patients: antithyroid drugs (ATDs)radioactive iodine ablation, and surgery. Ang pagpili ng tamang treatment ay magdedepende sa symptoms, age and overall health ng pasyente; and also, on the underlying cause of the condition at sa kung gaano kalubha ito. It is important for patients and their families to learn as much as they can about the disorder and treatment options, and to discuss them thoroughly with their doctors. Kinakailangan ang todo aruga sa thyroid upang masiguro na ang mga pasyente can live better lives while dealing with this condition.

All three options would be effective in the treatment of Graves’ disease—an autoimmune disorder—which is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism medications such as Carbimazole (NEOMERDIN®) and Methimazole (TAPDIN®) are often considered as first-line treatments. These thionamides or antithyroid drugs normalize thyroid hormone levels and are used for the preparation of hyperthyroid patients for thyroidectomy, and as an adjunct to radioiodine therapy and the treatment of thyroid storm.

DISCLAIMER: This article is for informational purposes only, and should not be substituted for professional medical advice. The purchase and use of the pharmaceutical products featured in this article requires the proper prescription of a medical doctor. The purchase, possession, and dispensing of ethical drugs without a doctor’s prescription is illegal.



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